Top Causes and Treatments for Rosacea
Rosacea is a long-term skin disorder where the individual experiences a lot of redness on their faces, most commonly on the person’s cheeks, nose, forehead and chin area. In rare cases, redness can also be visible on the individual’s neck, chest and ears.
Redness is an extremely common skin symptom/condition that can be caused by a number of reasons. Some common causes of redness include rashes, burns, eczema from allergies or the weather, acne, rosacea, drug or topical allergies, skin infection, or more severe skin conditions.
On more mild cases of redness, you can reduce the redness and calm the skin by using topical or at-home remedies. You can also get medical aesthetic treatments such as chemical peels, which will yield more effective and long-lasting results as opposed to using at home or topical solutions.
However, for individuals, that experience prolonged cases of redness, more intense treatment options would be required to reduce the redness on the skin. Severe cases of redness are most common due to a skin condition called Rosacea.
What is rosacea?
Rosacea is a chronic skin disease that affects more than 16 million Americans. The cause of rosacea is still unknown, and there is no cure. However, research has allowed doctors to find ways to treat the condition by minimizing their symptoms.
There are four subtypes of rosacea. Each subtype has its own set of symptoms. It is possible to have more than one subtype of rosacea at a time.
Rosacea’s trademark symptom is small, red, pus-filled bumps on the skin that are present during flare-ups. Typically, rosacea affects only skin on your nose, cheeks, and forehead.
Flare-ups often occur in cycles. This means that you will experience symptoms for weeks or months at a time, the symptoms will go away, and then return.
Symptoms of Rosacea include very itchy skin, stinging & burning sensations, pimples & bumps, enlarged pores, patches of dry skin, possible vision difficulties and sometimes, blood vessels can show through your skin.
Signs and symptoms of rosacea include:
- Facial redness. Rosacea usually causes persistent redness in the central part of your face. Small blood vessels on your nose and cheeks often swell and become visible.
- Swollen, red bumps. Many people with rosacea also develop pimples on their faces that resemble acne. These bumps sometimes contain pus. Your skin may feel hot and tender.
- Eye problems. Many people with rosacea also experience dry, irritated, swollen eyes and red, swollen eyelids. This is known as ocular rosacea. In some people, the eye symptoms precede the skin symptoms.
- Enlarged nose. Over time, rosacea can thicken the skin on the nose, causing the nose to appear bulbous (rhinophyma). This occurs more often in men than in women.
The cause of rosacea is unknown, but it could be due to a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. Rosacea is not caused by poor hygiene.
A number of factors can trigger flare-ups, including:
- Hot drinks and spicy foods
- Red wine and other alcoholic beverages
- Temperature extremes
- Sunlight or wind
- Drugs that dilate blood vessels, including some blood pressure medications
- Various cosmetic products
There are a number of causes for rosacea. A lot of individuals who have rosacea have it because of genetics (it can happen to multiple members in the same family). Some individuals can also get this condition because of blood vessel issues, bacteria or mites.
Some people are more prone to rosacea than others. For example, individuals with lighter skin tones (skin type 1-3) or had severe acne are more likely to suffer from this skin condition. People with family members who have had rosacea, women, and people who smoke can also develop rosacea easier than others.
Treatments for Rosacea
There are no definite cures for conditions such as rosacea. However, rosacea can be reduced drastically, if the appropriate forms of treatment are used. Topical and oral medication are considered short-term solutions for rosacea. The patient will have to constantly be repurchasing such remedies that will not produce long term results.
Therefore, medical aesthetic treatments such as chemical peels, micro-needling and laser skin treatments are always recommended when patients are seeking more effective and long-lasting remedies to reduce their rosacea conditions.
Chemical Peels are a great way to reduce rosacea and redness in general. Chemical Peels consists of an acid solution (that can be mild or medium) that is adjusted to fit the patient’s specific needs and it is applied to the face. After the chemical peel solution is applied to the patient’s face, the outermost layer of the skin is sloughed off and it allows your skin to regenerate itself.
Ultimately, the redness and acne in your skin that you have experienced from rosacea will be dramatically reduced. Chemical Peels require very little downtime, cleanses your skin from within, and increases cell turnover rate. There are multiple types of chemical peels- each contains a different type of acid. Most chemical peels are composed of carefully customized portions of glycolic acid, salicylic acid (beta hydroxy acid BHA) or lactic acid (alpha hydroxy acid AHA).
Chemical peels cannot completely treat rosacea, but it can significantly reduce the redness, acne and bumps that can be caused by it.
Laser Skin Treatments:
Laser Skin Treatments are also an effective way to treat rosacea and redness. At Canada MedLaser clinics, we use the Candela GentleMax Pro – a top of the line laser machine that provides long-lasting results for skin treatments. Laser light is attracted to the pigment visible veins and redness, causing a coagulation of the blood of the spider vein(s), resulting in them becoming invisible to the naked eye.
This dramatically reduces the redness and veins developed from rosacea. This treatment has little downtime, has minimal discomfort and the treatment can be as little as five minutes. To maintain the best results, sunscreen with SPF 30 and a pharmaceutical solution complex needs to be consistently applied to the skin after the treatment.
Microneedling, which is also known as Skin Needling or Collagen Induction Therapy is a skin treatment that also treats redness and rosacea. Tiny needles are used to puncture the skin, creating controlled injury. As the skin is being punctured with microneedles, your natural collagen rushes to the surface of the epidermal layers on your skin. The collagen then repairs any damage on the outer layers of the skin, plumps the skin and reduces the appearance of redness.
Microneedling skin treatments are safe, relatively painless, require zero downtime and it is a natural form of treatment as no chemicals are involved. Microneedling has to be done every four to six weeks, to maintain effective results, and it also helps with rejuvenating the skin.
There is no cure for rosacea, but you can control it with treatment. Rosacea affects everyone differently and it can take time to figure out how to manage your condition. The best way to prevent an outbreak is to work with your doctor to develop a treatment plan and avoid your triggers.
We at Canada MedLaser in Maple can provide the best solution for you to battle and get rid of rosacea. Call our expert beauty technicians today and get a free consultation. Together, let’s achieve that clear and beautiful face that you deserve!
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